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  1. Environmental Modeling Community of Practice
  2. CAT B35 User Manual
  3. The Cat Owner's Manual | Quirk Books : Publishers & Seekers of All Things Awesome

This works fine for most purposes, but if you have a class hierarchy and want to delegate parts of initialization to the parent class, you can no longer use this scheme. It is because unlike constructors, in a static method you need to do the instantiation yourself. So if you call the parent static method, you will get an object of parent type which you can't continue to initialize with derived class fields. Imagine you have an Employee class and a derived HourlyEmployee class and you want to be able to construct these objects out of some XML input too.

By inheriting from this class, you can do constructor overloading in terms of type hinting. Note that the constructor signatures should be non-ambiguous. I don't know.


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This seems to be the best cleanup approach to take. I'm being destroyed! Another way to overcome PHP's lack of multi constructors support is to check for the constructor's parameters' type and variate the operation accordingly. This works well when the number of parameters stays the same in all your constructors' needs. So "return" or "die " don't have effect on following code. If you want to avoid the execution of the child constructor you have to pass some condition from the parent. The manual says: "Like constructors, parent destructors will not be called implicitly by the engine.

Then the parent's one will not be executed. This can be misleading if you have debug info printed in the destructor but not a problem if you know it. Looking through the notes I noticed a few people expressing concern that PHP5 does not support multiple constructors Of course this is limited but if you don't need something complex this can help to get the job done in some situations.

Although I have yet to test this. I've been using PHP for quite a long time, as well as programming and scripting in general. Even with my quite seasoned skillset, I still make obvious, painstaking mistakes.

That said, I'd like to point out one major albeit obvious common mistake that programmers and scripters such as myself make. When defining the constructor for an object and using it to populate variables for use throughout the lifetime of the application, do note that if you set a static variable AFTER a dynamic one, the static variable's intended contents are not readible inside the assigning functions of a dynamic variable.

That sounded rather cryptic, so an example is in order So, if you wish to reference that variable inside the assignment function of a dynamic variable, you have to declare it first and foremost. Otherwise, its value will not be accessible yet. The correct way In regards to a Class Constructor visibility I too was having the same problem with Class Constructor visibility, in which I had one Class that was extended by several other Classes. The problem that I encountered was in one of the Child Classes, I wanted a weaker visibility.

My solution to solve this problem? Create an Abstract Class with all the functionality of Class A. Make its Class Constructor have a visibility of Protected, then extend each of the three Classes above from that Abstract Class. Try to distract the dog as best you can so that the cat has the chance to approach without fear. The idea is to keep the interactions positive, safe and controlled. We will do our best to place you with an appropriate animal for your home situation, but you should still supervise all interactions between children and your foster cat.

Key things to remind your children:.

Environmental Modeling Community of Practice

All foster cats should be fed a diet of dry cat food, unless otherwise specified by the foster coordinator. We use Natural Balance cat food and ask that you use the same or a food of similar or better quality. Feed your foster cat once or twice daily; the amount will be based on the age and weight of your foster cat. Make sure the cat always has access to fresh, clean water. Keep in mind that some people food and house plants which cats like to chew on are poisonous for cats, so remove any plants or food from areas that your foster cat can access.

When you first take your foster cat home, take care not to overwhelm her with too many new experiences all at once. Moving to a new environment is stressful in itself for many cats, so keep introductions to people and animals to a minimum during the first couple of weeks after you bring your foster cat home. It also helps to establish a daily routine of regularly scheduled feedings and play times. You might want to record your observations to make it easier to notice any health issues.

You can help your foster cat be more adoptable by paying close attention to his litter box habits and making the litter box as inviting as possible. The litter box should be located in a place that the cat can access easily. If you have other cats, there should be one litter box for each cat in the house, plus one extra. Covered litter boxes can trap odors inside the box, which is nice for you, but not for your cat. Cats are often quite fastidious; they are sensitive to the smell of urine and feces, as well as deodorizers. You can also prevent litter box issues by keeping the litter box as clean as possible.

Scoop out each litter box at least once daily, and empty it completely to clean it every two weeks. When you clean the litter box, use a mild soap such as dishwashing soap , not strong-smelling detergents or ammonia. If your foster cat is not using the litter box, please notify the foster coordinator immediately so you can work on resolving the issue before not using the box becomes a habit.

Keep in mind that a cat may miss the litter box if she has a medical issue like diarrhea or she may avoid the box if she has a urinary tract infection, which causes pain when urinating. It will only teach her to fear and mistrust you. Clean up all accidents with an enzymatic cleaner. Nature's Miracle and Simple Solution are two products containing natural enzymes that tackle tough stains and odors and remove them permanently.

A clean and well-groomed cat has a better chance of getting adopted, so brush your foster cat regularly, especially if he has longer hair. Contact the foster coordinator if you feel that your foster cat needs to see a professional groomer.

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If you are comfortable with it, you can trim his nails. But please be careful because you can cause pain and bleeding if you trim the nails too short. Because play time provides stimulation, encourages socialization and releases excess energy, provide your foster cat with at least one or two play sessions per day. Try a variety of toys balls, squeaky toys, feather toys, etc. Cats often enjoy playing with something as simple as a paper bag remove the handles for safety or a box with holes cut in the sides.

Examples are string toys, yarn and Da Bird feathers dangling from a string and wand. Toys such as ping-pong balls and toilet paper tubes are safe. Discourage your foster cat from play-biting your hands and feet. This is something that adopters may not find desirable. Foster cats must live indoors. If you want to take your foster cat outside on a leash and harness, you are welcome to do so in the safety of an enclosed yard or area.

Please ensure that the leash and harness are the right size and fit well before you take your foster cat outside. Remember, if your personal cat has access to the outdoors, he or she cannot interact with your foster cat. Finally, please do not let your foster cat ride loose in a car. Use a carrier at all times to transport your foster cat to and from appointments. When you pick up your foster cat, you will receive a Foster Goal Sheet that specifies the dates that vaccines are due and any known medical conditions to treat.

Do not end medication early for any reason. If your foster animal has not responded to prescribed medications after five days or in the time instructed by a veterinarian , please contact the foster coordinator. Remember, before bringing your foster cat to the Best Friends Pet Adoption Center, the cat will need to have a medical exam performed by a veterinarian.

This appointment will be scheduled by the foster coordinator. Best Friends—Utah provides all medical care for our foster animals at our approved veterinary clinics. If your foster cat needs to go to the veterinarian, please notify the foster coordinator by email or phone. The foster coordinator will schedule the appointment and issue you a medical voucher number, which is required for your veterinary appointment. Each voucher has a unique number, assigned by the staff member who authorizes and schedules your appointment. Please bring this voucher number to your appointment; the vet will not see the foster animal without the voucher number.

For non-emergency situations, please understand that our veterinary partners book quickly and may not be available for same-day appointments. We ask that you schedule basic non-emergency appointments drop-off, pick-up, vaccines and supply pick-ups at least 24 hours in advance.

Remember, foster parents will be responsible for payment of any medical care if they take their foster animal to a veterinarian without authorization from the foster coordinator or adoptions manager. Eye discharge. It is normal for cats to have some discharge from their eyes when they wake up and some may have more than others, depending on the breed.

But if your foster cat has yellow or green discharge, or swelling around the eyes making it hard for him to open his eyes , or the third eyelid is showing, you need to contact the foster coordinator to schedule a vet appointment.


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Sneezing and nasal discharge. Sneezing can be common in a cat recovering from an upper respiratory infection. If the sneezing becomes more frequent, watch for discharge coming from the nose. If the discharge is clear, the infection is probably viral and medication may not be necessary. You can try nebulizing the cat to relieve her discomfort.

Nebulizing can be done in two ways: 1 place the cat in the bathroom with a hot shower running do not place the cat in the shower ; 2 put the cat in a carrier, cover it with a towel, and place a nebulizer or humidifier under the towel. If the discharge becomes colored, contact the foster coordinator to schedule a vet appointment because the cat may have a bacterial infection. If the cat starts to breathe with an open mouth or wheeze, call the foster coordinator immediately and follow the emergency contact protocol.

Loss of appetite. Your foster cat may be stressed after arriving in your home, and stress can cause lack of appetite. Also, if the cat has been eating well, but then stops eating for 12 to 24 hours, call the foster coordinator to set up a vet appointment. An abrupt change in diet can cause diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration. The activity level of your foster cat will vary depending on age and personality. Keeping an activity log and journal will help you notice whether your foster cat is less active than he normally is. If the skin stays taut, the cat is dehydrated. Please call the foster coordinator the next business day to schedule a vet appointment.

Sometimes cats will vomit up a thick tubular hairball with bile or other liquids. This is normal, but please call the foster coordinator if the cat has out-of-the-ordinary vomiting that does not occur in conjunction with a hairball. Pain or strain while urinating. When a cat first goes into a foster home, he or she may not urinate due to stress. Also, if you notice the cat straining to urinate with little or no results, or crying out when urinating, please contact the foster coordinator immediately because it may be indicative of an infection or a urethral obstruction, which can be life-threatening.

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CAT B35 User Manual

Soft stool is normal for the first two or three days after taking a cat home, most likely caused by stress and a change in food. Keep in mind that diarrhea will dehydrate the cat, so be proactive about contacting the foster department. If your foster cat has bloody or mucoid diarrhea, please contact the foster coordinator immediately and start the emergency contact protocol. Frequent ear scratching.

Ear mites can be treated by a veterinarian, so please call or email the foster coordinator for a medical appointment. Swollen, irritated ears. An obese cat is 4 times more likely to develop diabetes than a cat of normal weight. Diabetes insipidus is a very rare disorder that results in failure to regulate body water content. Your cat has the more common type of diabetes, diabetes mellitus.

This disease is seen on a fairly regular basis, usually in cats 5 years of age or older, many of them overweight. Simply put, diabetes mellitus is a failure of the pancreas to regulate blood sugar. The pancreas is a small but vital organ that is located near the stomach. It has two significant populations of cells. One group of cells produces the enzymes necessary for proper digestion; the other group beta cells produces the hormone called insulin.

In cats, two types of diabetes mellitus have been discovered. Both types are similar in that there is a failure to regulate blood sugar, but the basic mechanisms of disease differ somewhat between the two groups. The role of insulin is much like that of a gatekeeper.

It stands at the surface of body cells and opens the door, allowing glucose to leave the blood stream and pass inside the cells. Glucose is a vital substance that provides much of the energy needed for life, and it must work inside the cells. Without an adequate amount of insulin, glucose is unable to get into the cells. It accumulates in the blood, setting in motion a series of events that can ultimately prove fatal.

When insulin is deficient, the cells become starved for a source of energy. In response to this, the body starts breaking down stores of fat and protein to use as alternative energy sources. As a consequence, the cat eats more; thus we have weight loss in a cat with a ravenous appetite. The body tries to eliminate the excess glucose by eliminating it in the urine.

To avoid dehydration, the cat drinks more and more water. Thus we have the four classical signs of diabetes:. The diagnosis of diabetes mellitus is based on three criteria: The four classical clinical signs, the presence of a persistently high level of glucose in the blood stream, and the presence of glucose in the urine.

To keep the body from losing its needed glucose, the kidneys do not allow glucose to be filtered out of the blood stream until an excessive level is reached. This means that cats with a normal blood glucose level will not have glucose in the urine. Diabetic cats, however, have excessive amounts of glucose in the blood, so it will be present in the urine. The diagnosis of diabetes seems rather simple, and in most cats it is. However, some diabetic cats do not meet all the criteria. For these, another test is performed called fructosamine levels. This test represents the average blood glucose level for the past two weeks.

It minimizes the influence that stress and eating have on blood glucose levels and can be very helpful in understanding difficult cases. For the diabetic cat, one reality exists. Blood glucose cannot be normalized without treatment. Treatment almost always requires some dietary changes. Whether an individual cat will require oral therapy or insulin injections will vary.

As for the owner, there are two implications: financial commitment and personal commitment. When your cat is well regulated, the maintenance costs are minimal. The special diet, the oral medication, insulin and syringes are not expensive. However the financial commitment can be significant during the initial regulation process, especially if complications arise.

The Cat Owner's Manual | Quirk Books : Publishers & Seekers of All Things Awesome

In some cases, your cat will be hospitalized for a few days to deal with the immediate crisis and to begin the regulation process. Cats in this state, called ketoacidosis may require a week or more of hospitalization with quite a bit of laboratory testing. Otherwise the initial hospitalization may be only for a day or two to get some testing done and to begin treatment. At that point, your cat goes home for you to administer medication.

At first, return visits are required every 5 — 7 days to monitor progress. It may take a month or more to achieve good regulation. The financial commitment may be significant if complications arise. We will work with you to achieve consistent regulation, but some cats are difficult to keep regulated. It is important that you pay close attention to our instructions related to administration of medication, to diet, and to home monitoring.

Consistency is the key to prolonged regulation. The more you keep the medication, diet, and activity the same from one day to the next, the easier it will be to keep your cat regulated. Another complication that can arise is hypoglycemia or low blood sugar glucose ; if severe, it may be fatal. This may occur due to inconsistencies in treatment or because some cats can have a spontaneous remission of their disease. This will be explained later. Your personal commitment to treating this cat is very important in maintaining regulation and preventing crises.

Most diabetic cats require insulin injections twice daily, at about 12 hour intervals. They must be fed the same food in the same amount on the same schedule every day. If you are out of town, your cat must receive proper treatment while you are gone. These factors should be considered carefully before deciding to treat a diabetic cat.

Additional information can be found at the following websites: www.