- Referencing - ANU
- University of Tasmania, Australia
- Basic Referencing (Making Citations): Good Referencing - Tutorial
- Why Referencing is Important
It consists mainly of the authors' last name and the year of publication and page numbers if it is directly quoted in round brackets placed within the text. If there is no discernable author, the title and date are used. The reference list should be ordered alphabetically by the last name of the first author of each work.
References with no author are ordered alphabetically by the first significant word of the title. Use only the initials of the authors' given names. No full stop and space between the initials. Last name comes first. Neville or Neville , p. The interactive tools below, created by other libraries, are designed to provide you with examples of referencing for a range of resources. You will access these references by selecting from the menus until you get to the detailed information.
In these documents you will find examples for different types of materials and details on specific variations of citations. If you require further information, consult the Style manual for authors, editors and printers. Chapter in edited collection:. In-text: Hark In bibliography: Hark, Ina Rae. In-text: Beard In bibliography: Beard, Mary.
It is preferred by the School of Law at Reading, as it has rules for dealing with the kind of sources that law students will frequently use, including cases, statutes and command papers. In-text citations are placed in footnotes, with a formal set of abbreviations for key sources, e.
AC for Appeal Cases. Punctuation is kept at a minimum, and there are specific rules for dealing with subsequent mentions. In Oxford referencing, in-text citations are in footnotes. Full details should be included in the footnotes for the first mention of a text. After this, a shortened version can be used. In Vancouver referencing, which is a numeric referencing style, each source is given a number which corresponds to the order in which it appears in the text. If the same source is referred to again in the text, the same number is used.
The reference list comprises a single numbered list of citations with full details. You may also include a separate bibliography, alphabetically ordered by author, which lists works that you have used as part of your research for your assignment but not cited in the text. In-text: It has been noted that performance does not always match expectations. In bibliography: 5. Foreign ownership and profitability: Property rights, control, and the performance of firms in Indian industry. Citing references Guidance on citing references for students at the University of Reading. Styles of referencing Particular referencing styles are preferred by particular academic disciplines because they work better with the kind of texts that are most commonly used in that discipline.
Which referencing style should I use? For more information but always check your course handbook first : Publication manual of the American Psychological Association APA - in Library at Use the outline to navigate to the sections on referencing. Quick Answers: references Links to a searchable blog with answers to lots of queries on APA referencing. Chicago style Chicago style referencing offers two options for citations: either to list brief citations in the body of the text as in Harvard referencing, or to list them in footnotes as in Oxford referencing.
Chicago Manual of Style Online [full-text]. Harvard referencing Also known as 'author-date' style. Reference where 1st edition Baron, D. Business and the organisation. Chester: Pearson. Redman, P. Good essay writing: a social sciences guide. London: Open University in assoc. Organisations have been found to differ Baron, when there is Leading social scientists such as Redman have noted Use an and to link the last two multiple authors. Some documents have very large numbers of authors, particularly in certain disciplines.
There may be a very large numbers of authors and a wish not to include them all in a reference list. In these cases it is recommended that advice from the Faculty is sought, to establish if it is permitted to cite only a reduced number. The required elements for a reference are: Authors, Initials. Reference Adams, R.www.australiangold.ru/img/date/trehznachnie-chisla-v-numerologii-znachenie.html
Referencing - ANU
The World Health Organisation, its history and impact. London: Perseus. Barker, R. Narrative analysis. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Carter, B. Research Methods.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Leading organisations concerned with health Adams, Weiss and Coatie, have proved that A new theory Barker, Kirk and Munday, has challenged traditional thinking Effective methods used to researching crowdsourcing Carter, et al.
University of Tasmania, Australia
For books which are edited give the editor s surname s and initials, followed by ed. The required elements for a reference are: Author, Initials. Place: Publisher. Keene, E. Natural language. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press. Silverman, D. The active interview. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Allouche, Jose. Corporate social resposibility, Volume 1: concepts, accountability and reporting. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. For chapters of edited books the required elements for a reference are: Chapter author s surname s and initials. Title of chapter followed by In : Book editor s initials first followed by surnames with ed. Year of book. Place of publication: Publisher. Chapter number or first and last page numbers followed by full-stop.
References Samson, C. Problems of information studies in history. In: S. Stone, ed. Humanities information research. Sheffield: CRUS. Where there are several works by one author and published in the same year they should be differentiated by adding a lower case letter after the date. Remember that this must also be consistent with the citations in the text For multiple works the required elements for a reference are: Author, Initals. Soros, G. The road to serfdom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Beyond the road to serfdom. For works which have been translated the reference should include details of the translator, the suggested elements for such references being: Author, Initials.
Translated from language by name of translator, initials first, then surname Place of publication: Publisher. Canetti, E. The voices of Marrakesh: a record of a visit. Translated from German by J. San Francisco: Arion. Kant, I. Fundamental principles of the metaphysic of morals. Translated by T. New York: Prometheus Books. Keynes, J. The general theory of employment, interest, and money. Reprint London: Palgrave Macmillian. Leakey, R. The illustrated origin of species. Reprint of On the Origin of species by Charles Darwin, Abridged and introduced by Richard E.
London: Faber and Faber. E-books available through the University Library For e-books accessed through a password protected database from the University Library the required elements for a reference are: Author, Initials. Fishman, R. The rise and fall of suburbia. Carlsen, J. Global wine tourism. Wood, P. Global warming and the oceans. Cookson, J. Leisure and the tourist. Patterson, M. Lost places in dreams. Available at: Amazon. For a pdf version of, for example, a Government publication or similar which is freely available: The required elements for a reference are: Authorship, Year.
Title of documents. Followed by Available at: include web address or URL for the actual pdf, where available [Accessed date]. Bank of England, Inflation Report. Department of Health, Health inequalities: progress and next steps. Use these guidelines for print articles, those you get through InterLibrary Loan, and online articles that have a print equivalent. Title of article. Boughton, J. The Bretton Woods proposal: a brief look. Political Science Quarterly , 42 6 , p. Cox, C. What health care assistants know about clean hands. Nursing Times , Spring Issue, pp.
Reference an e-journal article as print if it is also available in a print version of the journal. This is usually the case where you access an article in pdf format and it uses sequential journal page numbers. Perry, C. Nursing Times , 97 22 , pp. For articles accessed through a password protected database from the University Library: Author, Initials. The Bretton Woods proposal: an in depth look. Political Science Quarterly , [e-journal] 42 6. Katchamart, W.
Basic Referencing (Making Citations): Good Referencing - Tutorial
Methotrexate monotherapy versus methotrexate combination therapy with non-biologic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs for rheumatoid arthritis. Currie, G. Long acting? Articles from web based magazines or journals, including Open Access articles found in institutional repositories. Authors, Initials. Kipper, D.
Japan's new dawn. The DOI is a permanent identifier and replaces a permanent web address for online articles.
Not all articles are assigned a DOI. If an article does not have a DOI, use one of the other e-journal article formats. Author, Initials. Boon, S. A phenomenographic study of English faculty's conceptions of information literacy. Journal of Documentation , [e-journal] 63 2 , pp.
Goodall, A. Should top universities be led by top researchers and are they? Journal of Documentation , [e-journal] 62 3 , pp. Ada, A. A Lifetime of Learning to Teach. Chen, S. Balancing knowing and not-knowing: an exploration of doctoral candidates performance of researcher selves in the dissertation defence.
For a journal abstract from a database where you have been unable to access the full article, the required elements for a reference are: Author, Initials. Abstract only. Available through: Source [Accessed date]. For newspaper articles the required elements for a reference are: Author, Initials.
Why Referencing is Important
Title of article or column header. Full Title of Newspaper , Day and month before page numbers and column line. Slapper, G. Corporate manslaughter: new issues for lawyers. The Times , 3 Sep. Times, Corporate manslaughter: responses from the legal profession Editorial comments , The Times , 8 Sep.
- Whistle Down The Wind.
- Sample assignment - Harvard referencing quick guide - LibGuides at Dundalk Institute of Technology!
- Aberystwyth University - Better Marks with Good Referencing:Information Services?
- Piano Sonata no. 55 in B-flat major.
- Che storie ! (Italian Edition).
- Great Wedding Activities and Games: How to Entertain Your Guests at Your Wedding Reception and Other Wedding-Related Gatherings (Wedding Matters).
For newspaper articles found in online newspapers, the required elements for a reference are: Author or corporate author, Year. Title of document or page. Name of newspaper, [type of medium] additional date information. Chittenden, M. Focus: Targetitis ails NHS. Times Online , [online] 1 June. Coney, J. Daily Mail , [online] Last updated 9. Higher Education Act London: HMSO. Road Transport Lighting Act The required elements for a reference are: Statutory Instrument Short title with key words capitalized.
Public Offers of Securities Regulations The recent code of practice Mental Capacity Act noted that staff should Mental Health Act , Code of Practice, When discussing the code of practice linked to a professional organisation cite the professional organisation. MNC NMC, The code: Standards of conduct, performance and ethics for nurses and midwives. London: NMC. The required elements for a reference are: Authorship, which may be part of the title, Year. Title, in italics if a separate element, offically assigned number such as a Command number as it is on the document, within brackets.
Royal Commission on civil liability and compensation for personal injury, Pearson Report Cmnd. Select Committee on nationalised industries , Consumers and the nationalised industries: prelegislative hearings HC , House of Commons, Home Affairs Committee, The Work of the Border Force. Hansard, Vol , col. It is recommended that you follow accepted legal citation, which is not part of the Harvard system. Jones v Lipman  1 WLR In the recent case of R v White John Henry , the defence noted The required elements for a reference are: Corporate author, Year.
Full title of annual report , Place of Publication: Publisher. Annual report If you have used material from archives or special collections, the required elements for a reference are: Author, Initials. Title of document. Brown, P. An address to the Farmer. London: Holdbury Library. The required elements for a reference are: Corporate author, Year of Publication. Identifying letters and numbers and full title of Standard , Place of publication: Publisher. British Standards Institution, BS Recommendations for wiring identification. Milton Keynes: BSI.