- What is Hong Kong’s political status?
- Art ambition: Hong Kong battles Beijing as dreams for culture soar
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- BEIJING NORMAL UNIVERSITY
Beijing's urban transport is dependent upon the five " ring roads " that concentrically surround the city, with the Forbidden City area marked as the geographical center for the ring roads. The ring roads appear more rectangular than ring-shaped. There is no official "1st Ring Road". The 2nd Ring Road is located in the inner city. Ring roads tend to resemble expressways progressively as they extend outwards, with the 5th and 6th Ring Roads being full-standard national expressways, linked to other roads only by interchanges.
Expressways to other regions of China are generally accessible from the 3rd Ring Road outward. A final outer orbital, the Capital Area Loop Expressway G95 , was fully opened in and will extend into neighboring Tianjin and Hebei. Within the urban core, city streets generally follow the checkerboard pattern of the ancient capital. Many of Beijing's boulevards and streets with "inner" and "outer" are still named in relation to gates in the city wall, though most gates no longer stand. Traffic jams are a major concern.
Even outside of rush hour, several roads still remain clogged with traffic. Beijing's urban design layout further exacerbates transportation problems. In the beginning of , Beijing had 4 million registered automobiles. In , new car registrations in Beijing averaged 15, per week. Towards the end of , the city government announced a series of drastic measures to tackle traffic jams, including limiting the number of new license plates issued to passenger cars to 20, a month and barring cars with non-Beijing plates from entering areas within the Fifth Ring Road during rush hour.
Road signs began to be standardized with both Chinese and English names displayed, with location names using pinyin, in The airport is the second busiest airport in the world after Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. Most domestic and nearly all international flights arrive at and depart from Capital Airport. The airport links Beijing with almost every other Chinese city with regular air passenger service.
The Airport Expressway links the airport to central Beijing; it is a roughly minute drive from the city center during good traffic conditions. Prior to the Olympics, the 2nd Airport Expressway was built to the airport, as well as a subway line, Airport Express of Beijing Subway. These airports are primarily for military use and are less well known to the public.
Nanyuan serves as the hub for only one passenger airline. A second international airport, to be called Beijing Daxing International Airport ,  is currently being built in Daxing District , and is expected to be open by September As of 1 January [update] , tourists from 45 countries are permitted a hour visa-free stay in Beijing. The programme benefits transit and business travellers  with the 72 hours calculated starting from the moment visitors receive their transit stay permits rather than the time of their plane's arrival.
Foreign visitors are not permitted to leave Beijing for other Chinese cities during the 72 hours. It is the second longest subway system in the world and first in annual ridership with 3. On 28 December , the Beijing Subway switched to a distance-based fare system from a fixed fare for all lines except the Airport Express. There are nearly 1, public bus and trolleybus lines in the city, including four bus rapid transit lines.
After 15 kilometres 9. Different companies have special colours combinations painted on their vehicles. Usually registered taxis have yellowish brown as basic hue, with another color of Prussian blue, hunter green, white, umber, tyrian purple, rufous, or sea green. Tolls during trip should be covered by customers and the costs of trips beyond Beijing city limits should be negotiated with the driver.
The cost of unregistered taxis is also subject to negotiation with the driver. Beijing has long been well known for the number of bicycles on its streets. Although the rise of motor traffic has created a great deal of congestion and bicycle use has declined, bicycles are still an important form of local transportation. Large numbers of cyclists can be seen on most roads in the city, and most of the main roads have dedicated bicycle lanes.
Beijing is relatively flat, which makes cycling convenient. The rise of electric bicycles and electric scooters , which have similar speeds and use the same cycle lanes, may have brought about a revival in bicycle-speed two-wheeled transport. It is possible to cycle to most parts of the city. Because of the growing traffic congestion, the authorities have indicated more than once that they wish to encourage cycling, but it is not clear whether there is sufficient will to translate that into action on a significant scale. The command headquarters of China's military forces are based in Beijing.
The Central Military Commission , the political organ in charge of the military, is housed inside the Ministry of National Defense , located next to the Military Museum of the Chinese People's Revolution in western Beijing. The Second Artillery Corps , which controls the country's strategic missile and nuclear weapons, has its command in Qinghe , Haidian District. The headquarters of the Beijing Military Region , one of seven nationally, is based further west in Gaojing. The Beijing Aerospace Command and Control Center , in Haidian District tracks the country's manned and unmanned flight and other space exploration initiatives.
Beijing Municipality has 20 nature reserves that have a total area of 1, The Beijing barbastelle , a species of vesper bat discovered in caves of Fangshan District in and identified as a distinct species in , is endemic to Beijing. The mountains of Fangshan are also habitat for the more common Beijing mouse-eared bat , large myotis , greater horseshoe bat and Rickett's big-footed bat. Each year, Beijing hosts — species of migratory birds including the common crane , black-headed gull , swan , mallard , common cuckoo and the endangered yellow-breasted bunting.
The city flowers are the Chinese rose and chrysanthemum.
What is Hong Kong’s political status?
See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China instead. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Beijing disambiguation and Peking disambiguation.
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For the magazine, see the Beijinger. Municipality in People's Republic of China. See also: Names of Beijing. Main article: History of Beijing. Main article: Geography of Beijing. See also: List of tallest buildings in Beijing. Severely Polluted. Heavily Polluted. Moderately Polluted. Lightly Polluted. Main article: Politics of Beijing. Main articles: List of administrative divisions of Beijing and List of township-level divisions of Beijing. Main article: List of township-level divisions of Beijing. Main article: List of diplomatic missions in China.
Main article: Economy of Beijing. Main article: List of economic and technological development zones in Beijing.
Art ambition: Hong Kong battles Beijing as dreams for culture soar
Main article: Demographics of Beijing. Buddhism Islam 1. Christianity 0. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Buddhist temples in Beijing. Main article: Transport in Beijing. Archived from the original on 3 September Retrieved 22 July Archived from the original on 26 May Retrieved 5 August Demographia World Urban Areas.
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'The darkest time': Hong Kong reels over bizarre disappearance of Chinese billionaire
Sundance Channel. Archived from the original on 20 March BBC News. Archived from the original on 18 February S or Canada. Hong Kong and China experienced two very different 20th centuries, which goes toward explaining a lot of their differences. After the fall of the Qing dynasty in , China went through many decades of dramatic turbulence. It was only during the 70s that a degree of normalcy was achieved, and China embarked on a series of economic reforms that lifted countless people out of poverty and shaped the country for the better.
Meanwhile, the British colony of Hong Kong received waves of immigrants fleeing the chaos and tumult of mainland China throughout the 20th century. With the exception of the Japanese occupation between and , Hong Kong was largely spared from the sorts of tumultuous horrors faced by China. In order to access blocked foreign sites such as Facebook and Google from mainland China, you have to use a virtual private network VPN. Hongkongers rarely use Chinese social media apps and sites unless they need to conduct business or talk to friends in mainland China. WeChat is the most popular messaging app in Hong Kong, and Western social media sites and apps like Facebook, Gmail, Instagram and Snapchat are also widespread.
From belief in feng shui to regular temple attendance to folk village festivals , Hong Kong retains many traditional beliefs and practices that may seem quaint in the eyes of those in the mainland. In the revolutionary fervor of the 20th century, mainland Chinese intellectuals rejected Confucian ideas, feudal society and folk superstitions. Many traditional customs were outright banned during the Cultural Revolution in the name of modernity. It helped, of course, that the most vital things had not been left to chance.
Even then, however, there were local critics who bemoaned what they saw as a design flaw, or original sin, even: the people of Hong Kong were given no role in negotiating the new terms. The city had been the first source of capitalist investment for China — booster fuel during its initial economic takeoff in the early s.
Through the s and into the next decade, Hong Kong remained an all-important source of investment, as well as a conduit through which China hungrily absorbed western technology and management techniques.
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It was the ideal place to set up international operations, giving them the extra credibility they needed to win over skittish foreign investors. One other factor helped reassure Hong Kongers who felt anxious about their future. Now, political commentators throughout the region speculated that if Hong Kong was seen to be prospering as a liberal society under Chinese sovereignty, then perhaps the people of Taiwan might also be gradually won over to the idea of uniting with the mainland under a similar arrangement.
When one factored in Taiwan, it looked like it could even become a win-win-win: something that all three societies might eventually come to embrace. Today, though, in the 20th year after the handover , this Sino-British arrangement is charitably described as limping along on life support. Many believe it is in danger of collapsing altogether, even as a pretence. As China has grown richer and more powerful, it has also become less patient and less willing to sacrifice control.
Beijing has found itself confronted by increasingly disaffected and radicalised youths, who are as unwilling to compromise over democracy and civil liberties as China is itself. I think it would be a tragedy if we let down these kids as well. In reality, the reverse may be true. The impact of this fact is not solely economic or political; it is also psychological, transforming the way mainlanders and Hong Kongers conceive of themselves. Upward mobility has stalled, and many young people are pessimistic about the future.
Nearly everyone under the age of 40 interviewed for this article still lived with their parents and saw no hope of that changing soon. In , the average per-capita income in Hong Kong was 35 times that of China, and in the early years after the handover, the trickle of Chinese who were granted permits to visit returned home with envy-inducing tales of high-end shopping malls and an affluent, effortlessly cosmopolitan population. A sense of what has changed is captured vividly in the novel Beijing Coma, by the exiled Chinese author Ma Jian.
It recounts a doomed love affair between a young Hong Kong woman and a man from the mainland, both medical students in southern China. Her parents object to her being with him, ostensibly because of the great gap in wealth. The man describes seeing her off at the train station on the border between Hong Kong and the mainland. Today, the contrast between the mainland and Hong Kong is no longer so stark.
Hong Kong has become a stop on the tourist circuit for millions of mainland Chinese, whose currency is now worth more than the once-coveted Hong Kong dollar. Their swelling numbers have become a source of resentment by natives of Hong Kong. Rich mainlanders, including many in the Chinese political elite, snap up luxury housing and are blamed for helping making real estate unaffordable for locals.
Many Hong Kong natives frown at the supposedly coarse behaviour of members of the newly minted Chinese middle class, who they accuse of spitting in public, jay-walking and letting infants relieve themselves in the street.
BEIJING NORMAL UNIVERSITY
Hong Kong people in the 70s and 80s invested a lot of money in places like Shenzhen , and behaved like tycoons. They say you bought prostitutes there. When Chinese people come to Hong Kong now, they like to act like they are operating in their colony. More than any economic statistics, it is this kind of psychological role-reversal that has unsettled people most.
And that feeling is exacerbated by the assertive, even swaggering, manner of Xi Jinping. Lawyers working on human rights issues have been prosecuted and universities have been ordered to toe a rigid ideological line. The carefully orchestrated ceremony, which was almost certainly approved in Beijing, was conducted entirely in Mandarin, the official language of China, but one that few Hong Kongers speak well. Cantonese is the native language, and a key component of local identity.
Ten Years — a collection of five dystopian stories, each by a different director. It shows establishment political parties promoting an ideology of mindless materialism and obedience to halls full of middle-aged and older Hong Kong natives. Beijing, it seems, is losing its grip on the city. The solution, cooked up by a sinister-looking envoy from the mainland, is to engineer a crisis so that China can justify an outright takeover of the city.
Two petty criminals are recruited to shoot a couple of municipal councillors. The short ends with a black screen, across which a news bulletin scrolls. What made Extras so powerful was its shock value in imagining the sinister means Beijing might use to regain total control of Hong Kong. Barely a year later, though, suspicions like these have become widespread.