Ramses II ca —ca B. He also fortified the northern frontier against the Hittites, a tribe out of modern-day Turkey. They invaded and took over the important trading town of Kadesh in modern-day Syria. Ramses II led his forces to recapture Kadesh, but he was duped by spies into thinking the Hittites were far from the Egyptian camp. Instead, they were lying in wait nearby and attacked. The Egyptians were on the brink of defeat when reinforcements arrived just in the nick of time. Ramses II won that battle but he did not win the war. On temple walls across Egypt, he ordered the creation of murals depicting him single-handedly defeating the aggressors.
In reality, after years of negotiation, Ramses II eventually signed a peace treaty with the Hittites. It was the earliest peace accord whose text has survived. Among its articles, both sides agreed to extradite refugees and not exact retribution after their return. If Lamech's homicide is unjustified in the killing of a young man who wounded him Gen , how much less justified was Moses' killing of a stranger? The Egyptian's beating of the Hebrew slave did not justify Moses' action in killing him; therefore, Moses was morally wrong. It seems curious that given Moses' status as a prince of the royal family that he didn't simply order the Egyptian slave master to cease beating the slave.
That he didn't make use of his position of authority may suggest that he was visiting his Israelite kinsmen incognito, concealing his identity as a member of the royal family. Exodus 13 On the following day he came back, and there were two [ men ] Hebrews, fighting. Question: What two questions did the Hebrew slave who was beating the other slave ask Moses? Question: Why did the Hebrew slave reject Moses' intervention in his dispute with the other Hebrew slave?
The literal translation is "And who appointed you as a man to be prince over us and judge? Question: Why couldn't Moses answer the first question? When will he be able to answer and what will he say? See Exodus Answer: Moses' leadership over Israel must be an appointment made by God before he will be accepted as Israel's redeemer-messiah. Then he will be able to answer the question with the statement: Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you Ex b.
Why is "Hebrew" used in some verses instead of "Israelite"? Unlike the Law of the Sinai Covenant and the laws of our democratic republic, law and the application of social justice in ancient societies and in many other countries in the world today was applied differently according to one's social status. Question: Why did the second question deeply disturb Moses? As a prince of the royal family, who would care if he killed a common Egyptian who had offended him? If not that secret, what other kind of secret could endanger his life? Answer: Moses' killing of the Egyptian would only endanger him if his identity as the son of a Hebrew slave was revealed.
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This suggests that he was no longer under the protection of his adopted royal mother or his grandfather the Pharaoh; they were probably dead. Perhaps the current Pharaoh was a royal family member with whom Moses was not on cordial terms, an enemy who would gladly use the information of Moses' true origin and the killing of an Egyptian by a Hebrew slave masquerading as a royal prince as a reason to kill Moses. Exodus When Pharaoh heard of the matter, he tried to put Moses to death, but Moses fled from Pharaoh.
Moses' uneasiness over the challenge from the Hebrew slave was well founded. It cannot be simply the killing of the Egyptian that put Moses under the Pharaoh's death sentence, it had to be the revelation of the scandal that a Hebrew slave was raised within the confines of the palace, competing with the other royal children for the old Pharaoh's favor. The royal family was, after all, supposed to be the progeny of gods, the Pharaoh and former Pharaohs.
They used to come to draw water and fill the troughs to water their father's flock. Ask him to eat with us. Moses escaped from Egypt traveling eastward across the Sinai Peninsula and into to land of Midian.
Question: Who were the Midianites and where have they been mentioned previously in Genesis? See Genesis and , Answer: Midian was Abraham's 6 th son, the fourth son by Keturah, the woman Abraham married after Sarah's death. A caravan of the Midianites and the Ishmaelite purchased Joseph and sold him as a slave in Egypt. The shepherdess daughters of the priest of Midian were driven away from their well by some shepherds from a rival tribe. For a second time Moses used violence to settle a dispute, but this time his gallantry was received with thankfulness.
In this period of his life Moses was definitely not a man of words, he was a man of action. There is a comical exchange between the girls and their father, who is called Reuel Ex , Num , but elsewhere he will be referred to as "Jethro" Ex , , , Num and Hobab Judg Their story about being rescued by an "Egyptian" sounded unlikely to their father; why would a haughty Egyptian become the champion of some shepherd girls?
Answer: Essentially he said if their story was true, produce the man and invite him to dine with us. Question: What was the result of exiled Moses' chivalry in defending the daughters of the priest of Midian and watering their flock?fiveup.dev3.develag.com/807-citas-por.php
What three things did Moses gain in his association with Jethro and his daughters? Answer: He gained a meal, a bride, and a family he fathered a son. Question: What did Moses name his firstborn son and how did this name reflect Moses sense of a man without a homeland? Answer: Moses named his son Gershom, 'because,' he said, 'I am an alien in a foreign land.
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The mention of the "seven" daughters is a signal that something significant, beyond the initial narrative, is at play in this passage. Seven is one of the "perfect" numbers symbolizing perfection and fullness, especially spiritual perfection. Question: Moses met his bride at a well. In what two parts of the Genesis narrative was a bride courted at a well? In your list, include Moses' encounter with his bride as the third encounter at a well that ends in marriage. It should also be noted that in Scripture "threes" always point to something important that is going to happen next in God's plan of salvation see the document "The Significance of the Third Day in Scripture;" also see Gen ; ; 2 Sam ; ; etc.
Question: Read the accounts of these three encounters. What seven elements do they all have in common? Answer: Each encounter has the same basic elements:. Question: An event repeated three times in Scripture points to a more significant fourth event that is important in God's plan of salvation. What is the 4 th "well encounter" in Scripture between a woman and a man that will have a profound impact on salvation history?
Hint: It is found in one of the New Testament Gospels. Are the same elements of the "well narratives" present in the New Testament "well encounter" story? List the elements found in the fourth encounter. Six of the elements are obvious, but the seventh is not so obvious. Answer: Jesus' encounter with the woman of Samaria in John has the same elements as the other three "well encounter" stories:. Question: Who is the bride and who is the bridegroom in the well narrative in John chapter 4? What Old Testament prophecy was Jesus fulfilling and how does it fulfill the missing seventh element?
Hint: see Ez Answer: The seventh element is also present in this narrative: Jesus was the bridegroom and Samaria the once lost Northern Kingdom of Israel was the bride that Jesus was calling into covenant union with her Bridegroom, the promised Redeemer-Messiah. He was fulfilling the prophet Ezekiel's prophecy that the Messiah would restore the broken and scattered Kingdom of Israel.
It was by faith that, when he was grown up, Moses refused to be known as the son of Pharaoh's daughter and chose to be ill-treated in company with God's people rather than to enjoy the transitory pleasures of sin. He considered that the humiliations offered to the Anointed were something more precious than all the treasures of Egypt, because he had this eyes fixed on the reward Heb The writer of Hebrews has applied this passage to Jesus, the "Anointed of God," the word "Messiah" means "anointed one".
He offers that because of Moses' faith, his suffering to fulfill God's plan for Israel was joined to the suffered of the future Redeemer-Messiah, the One who would bring the "reward" Moses had his eyes fixed upon, eternal salvation also see Heb and Are you prepared to offer up your sufferings on your journey through the exile of this life like Moses, the prophet of God, offered up his suffering for the Messiah-Redeemer who was yet to come? Moses' faith in God's promise of an eternal salvation was rewarded in his encounter with Christ on the Mt.
The part of the narrative concerning Moses' childhood Exodus is full of ironies, both comic and tragic. Question: What events in the story strike you as ironic? Try to name at least seven points of irony, comparing the events that led to Moses' mother placing him in the Nile River, his rescue by the princess and the ironic connection between those events and the events that will unfold in the Exodus of Israel out of Egypt.
See appendix I in this lesson. According to the "Instruction of Any," an ancient Egyptian document on infant care, a child was weaned when it was three years old Ancient Near Eastern Texts Related to the Old Testament, Lichtheim, , page Moses died when he was years old after leading Israel for forty years Dt If the Exodus took place in roughly BC when Moses was eighty years old, then his return to liberate his people took place circa and his hasty departure after the murder of the Egyptian slave master was c.
The c. Two years after the Exodus about years after this event in Moses' life a censes of the Israelite camp recorded that, not including the Levites, there were , men of fighting age, 20 years old and older, among the children of Israel Num The total number of Levite men, between 30 and 50 years of age eligible for religious duties was recorded as 8, Num A conservative estimate for the population of the Israelites in Goshen would be about 2 million people.
The Law of the Sinai Covenant permitted the justified beating of a slave Ex It is impossible to reconcile the three names of the priest of Midian.
One name may be his Midianite name and the other his Hebrew, Ishmaelite or Edomite name. The name "Hobab" is also applied to his son, Moses' brother-in-law Num and therefore may be a title. Reuel is an Edomite name in Genesis. Reuel was the son of Edom and his wife Basemath, daughter of Ishmael Gen , 10 , 13 , 17 [twice]. The use of the name for Moses' father-in-law might reflect intermarriage between the Midianites, Edomites, and Ishmaelites whose ancestral lands bordered each other.
In Genesis the name represents a tribal people. As you may have read in the document on the symbolic meaning of numbers in Scripture, according to its etymology, the number seven means that which is spiritually complete, while the etymology of eight is that which is superabundant.
Symbolically seven represents "perfection" or "completion" as in the seven days of Creation , while eight is the number symbolizing "re-birth," "salvation," and "redemption" eight people were saved in the Great Flood, an Israelite boy child was reborn into the covenant with Yahweh on the eighth day of his life, and Jesus arose from the dead on the "eighth" day, the day after the seventh day. Both Jews and early Christians were fascinated with the symbolic nature of numbers. Jewish scholars as well as Christian scholars like St.
Clement of Alexandria and Pope Gregory the Great wrote books about the symbolism of numbers in Scripture. For example, God's holy covenant name is expressed in Hebrew by the four consonants YHWH which have a value of 10, 5, 6, and 5. The classes of furniture in the desert Tabernacle and in the Temple also reflected the numbers seven and eight:.
The last seven visions of St. Tutankhamun died when he was about nineteen, possible from a chariot accident. Two letters from his young queen were found in the archives of the Hittites in which she begged the Hittite king to send her one of his sons to help her rule Egypt, since she was "loathed to take a husband from among the members of her court. In desperation she apparently married her great-uncle Ay, but upon his death a few years later she disappeared from the pages of history.
There is a larger than life size statue of Tutankhamun in the Oriental Institute in Chicago, Illinois. By the statue's left leg two delicate little feet can be seen, the only part to survive of the statue of his little queen who must have been clinging to the leg of her young husband as she clung to him in life; her statue destroyed as she was destroyed by the unsettling events that followed the Exodus of the children of Israel out of Egypt. The mummy identified by Fletcher was viciously disfigured after her death.
If this is indeed Nefertiti's mummy, the body may have been violated in retaliation for Nefertiti's monotheistic beliefs. The Egyptian government continues to refuse their request. Permissions All Rights Reserved. The Biblical Heroine In Exodus chapter 2 the biblical heroine enters the stage of salvation history. But, in Exodus we are introduced to women who risked everything to make the righteous choice, thereby cooperating in God's plan of salvation: The Hebrew midwives who feared God and risked their lives to save Israelite children.
Moses' mother who defied the Pharaoh in her determination to try to save her son. Miriam, Moses' sister who bravely watched over her baby brother when he was placed in the waters of the Nile and supported him in his mission to redeem their people. And the Pharaoh's daughter who risked her life by defying her father in rescuing an Israelite boy baby and by adopting and raising him as a prince of Egypt.
The Catechism of the Catholic Church encourages an awareness of and an appreciation for biblical typology in the study of Sacred Scripture: The Church, as early as apostolic times, and then constantly in her Tradition, has illuminated the unity of the divine plan in the two Testaments through typology, which discerns in God's works of the Old Covenant prefiguration of what he accomplished in the fullness of time in the person of his incarnate Son CCC Christians therefore read the Old Testament in the light of Christ crucified and risen.
Such typological reading discloses the inexhaustible content of the Old Testament; but it must not make us forget that the Old Testament retains its own intrinsic value as Revelation reaffirmed by our Lord himself. Besides, the New Testament has to be read in the light of the Old. Early Christian catechesis made constant use of the Old Testament.
Typology indicates the dynamic movement toward the fulfillment of the divine plan when "God [will] be everything to everyone. King Herod tried to kill baby Jesus Mt He was hidden from the Pharaoh Ex An angel said to hide the Jesus from the King Herod Mt Moses was sent into Egypt to preserve his life Ex Jesus was taken into Egypt to preserve His life Mt Jesus was saved and helped by His mother, Mary Mt Pharaoh's daughter adopted Moses and named him Ex Joseph adopted Jesus and named him Mt MMoses became a prince of Egypt Ex There was a long period of silence from his childhood to his adulthood.
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