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Download pdf. Remember me on this computer. Text Motion and Autobiogmphy ii. Contmporary laughter A. The Cornedian Caiied k a t h B. Other Takes: Jarman and Ford A. Bascombe's Indepndence i. Hypocriry as Spciality iii. Bascombe the Author v. Bascombe's Histockity C. Drinkwatefs Action Conclusion.

Grantn eight to an emerged iiterary movement he dubbed ''My Realism. Like the "reader," Diity realism. Buford developed hi9 t e m to descnii a gmup of dected authors-Rirhard Ford, Jayne. Buford's term, if not his d e m g criteria, has lefi "dirty reakn" as fraught with contradictions. Robert R WilPon. Generai's Award-winning Canadian novelist and shartsbry writer.

Bloemuik in "Realism Bites: Realism in Contemprary M - a n article published alongside the exhibition of. Beattie" 52 with directing his own writing away from an experimental, metafictional mode towards reaiism. Appiication of the term dirty r e a h to various artbtic fields, as well as to Hispanie,. Canadian, wornen's, working-, and middle-class experience, makes it impossible to ptocess the. As a field of writing. Neruda, with one amenf: "nie problem is when he becomes politid Thrt is bis weabress" The details of.

Cranta eight's relevame.

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This smailness of "xope," or compression, bomwed. Carver's stories, rarely longer than ten. Ford's works deal with hunters, boxers and real estate. Rarely in their kxts do historical figures appear or even rerieive mention in contrast to. David Foster Wallace's "Lyndon," The concephial keml of dirty realism is ib contmlled and highly consistent use of semiotic domains.

Above all, dirty realism provides little space for playfulness. The discourse. Structurai minimakm..

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By 'monologic" 1 mean Bakhtin's notion of "forces that unite. The "conflict. According to Bakhtin, language vadates between monologirm and what he calls heteroglossia, or "language pluraiity" m , the tanofficial dialects and linguistic hybnds that surround, embed or interpenetrate with o f W dixourse; heteroglossia irnplies a "centrifugai".

For example, the word "bad. As slang it subverts the standard definition but simultaneously cornes to mean its. Wiison contends that dirty realism "obsessively" reshicts itseif to. He considers dirty realism extremely programmatic; despite its. Accepting Wilson's trope of "paths" for narrative trajectory, dirty reaiism foliowing the dual. The "socio-ideologicai" mipetus of dirty realist language. Dirty realirm is not pluralism but plural. It licenses i t d to occupy and.

Frank Bascombe can say "anchored only to contingency" in Independence D q to. What 'takes place' actuaiizes. To understand the process of diffraction first requires djscenwlg the "single spectral. Buford finds milieu the most obvious. They play bingo, eat cheesebnrgers. Dirty reaiism covers everything from the boarding-house to the. Oddly enough, Buford's list of specific interests and activities vanishes under.

In other words, the details evident in. The details furiction interchangeably rather than assisting to rnake,. There is no hieranthy of parts, either epistemological or ethical: k i n g from Kenhcky no more. Dirty realism. The notion of character as consumer. If these characters are. The disappearance of permanent. Dirty realism dwells not on absolute values but on the constant exchange, interplay and. Thus dirty realism follows characters as they procaed tIrruugh, not mTin ut.

Mark Anthony Jarman, in his novel Suluage h g Yu! His f h t - p a o n narraior, Drinkwater, an ageing hockey player at the taii end of his career, travels. This novel portrays a "Salvage King," a man presiding. This ddting, rather than what he dn'fb tomrds, comtihites his existence; the subtitk,. At my Saivage King Ya! Aiso wild roses, patio ianterrrs, golden birds overhead. Now a hanter and coktor, an antiquarian with fabulous auto limbs and g h s bug-eyes for sneaky sports cars. Yom Borgwards h m Mexico. Your Simcas. Your Desotos. Ynn ex-jocks. Your dmosaats.

Your hearts and fenders. The rnock-epic kt of w d madiinery fits the picaresque mode. The final line's "hearts and faiders". In fact, only a styiised expression comects them; an effect of iinguistic plenitude ra thcr than logic govems the juxtaposition. Like the "bug-eyes" Drinkwater daims to have, his. Buforci's "duW represents the benefits and hazards of ianguage as mdividtial piay rather than communal.

A grinder, a plumber, skin of teeth in a hair-trigger republic" The confiation of. Drinkwater uses language to. The human is now an artefact-on ali levels: humm pwonillty. Simiiarly, the "centre" of Drinkwater's "empire" is no different fiom its periphery, since the centre contains. He is. Like the "bug eyes" he daims to have, huikwater sends his multiple. Like Diuikwater. Drinkwater and Quinn drift through "modest" "empires," through a "worid duttered" with.

They are both on the outside on the "pedphery" or "borders". Ford and Jarman's fiee play with contlicting emblems, artefacts and concepts availabk to. Quinn and Drinkwater indeed "drift," decentered, anchorless,. Contradiction no longer. Minimalism strips so much of the story away that it leaves very few critical foothotds, no charackr backgrounds for psychoanalysis, no. Jarman, Carver distrusts plenihide, preferring momentum: "Cet in, get out. Don't linger.

Here, Williams suggests that intention. Carvefs and Bukowski's mteria for "good" writing pertain to the. Tnith is, in fact, style. Like Jarman, then, the "minimalists" of the dirty realist cannon. Through the disaepancy. Me1 comrnents that Terri's story of Ed does not indicate love, to which Laura replies: "1 don't know anything about Ed, or anytiung about the.

But who can judge anyone else's situation'' Though the characters tell these. MeYs story illusbates the way in which the. The characters toy with universal. This fagmented condition of superfiaal artifice defines their. By witnessing how their relatiomhips remain in a state of flux, unaffixeci to universal realities, Carver's story recalls the characters as historically speahc subjects hstead of guardians.

The telling of stories in a miserable attempt to overcome disorder is Carwr's. Secondly, the use of. We do rot know, finally,. However, the diaracter of the contradiction narrated infoms us about the historical setting of. The context is iack of community, M a r as. The atomisation of social experience has deprived storytehg of speaking for experience; htead, storytelling speaks of i t s stream-lines: it mediates nothing more h n its fidelity to aesthetic d e s , to.

As Alan Nadel says, speaking of "excess" as "an informing principal of the postmodem. The style of Camr's story, then, is precisely. This is Jarneson's. We can "Weveryone's heart, but cannot decode the intelligence behind the beats. We can no longer spak love; we can only talc about. Pu rd y says, "he contradicb himself at every turn" Pudy predicats his view of the human.

F h e r on, Rirdy transposes this notion of inconsistency into. Housman, for instance, takes a very dim view of tife for the most part, is very depressing-but human life isn't like that di of the t h e. You wake up in the moming, the sun is shining and you feel good; this a h is a time when Housman could have written a poem. This place, as Purdy suggests, is consistent in its inconsistency, orf b bomw from Stuart Hall, is an area of CO-.

Purdy can only lend credence to an aesthetic. An awareness of the "dim view" "reinforces" Purdy's awareness of feeling "good. To read of. The poem's pastoral. Of course other things are also marveiious sunsets happen if the ahnosphenc conditions are right and the same goes for a blue sky -there are deserts iike great yeiiow beds of flowexs where a man can walk and walk into identical distance like an arrow lost in its own target. The side-"like an. The simile of the arrow becornes so important to the understanding of the poem that it effectively usurps the conceptuai amtre of the passage, displacing the thing it stands for "man".

By drawing attention to simulation, M y o f h a the poem's aeshtic "reality" a linguistic one, as sinfle is strictly a linguistic exchange from the human Here we. Whai is the achievement of a centre at the sarne time the lm of one? With this paradox. M y grounds the essence of. By choosing contradiction as its essential component,. This excerpt.

Forced into loving "one". In this way he satisfis a. The "fences," as well as the. Again, we have the. The stanza dimaxes in a series of paradoxes and ifieleMncies, rendering an. In cadi. From one perspective the. Conceiving of what it cannot conceive- the deaf mute realising a wind tunnel or the blind a haii of mirrors-poses both the minci's gain and loss. Trapped between semory reliance and conceptual excess, the final,. These authors are, from one perspective, the youth of the sixties grown up, a geneation bat, having been raiseci on weed, whites and protest marches, is now suspicious of heroes, crusades and easy idealism.

In Richard Ford's novel. In particular those 1 don't know very weli" Apparently calous, the. LosJ is a. By "history," Wilson meam a large-scale record of events, a series of happenings with national or intemationai impiication,. History azises in the speafic. Dirty realism's politia arise as the shadow antithesis of personai c o n c m. In the. Here, the adjectives "red" and "worst" confiict the meaning of the excerpt. The Rrst adjective indicates authentic and inauthentic displays of. Ford depicts the concept of "bittemess" in more. Ford fears; history consists of fields of experience not fuUy "voiced" by institutional discourse.

At issue b the idea of. In Uiis way, Ford's writing disrupts the easy rnetonymical flow descnbed by theorists such as Roman Jakobson; in this. By returning. At the same. Luck, where Harry and Rae Quinn d i x w the authoritative gesture politics require: "'You can't. Here, Quinn denies the possibility of having it "both ways. Classifications always amve h m without, by imposition. Harry cestricts this selfdesignation authoritatively, with. Denying one's authority on "ali" subjects seems the same kind of generalised "covef' or "excuse" as the selfdesignation of "bum.

Ford's aesthetic becornes radical in self-consciously endorsing a. They'ce fine. But they don't. They make things simple. Rae isolates the problem with. The playing out of options alongside the one at hand is dirty realism's opnly admitted policy,. Geddes also says that Purdy's verse "somehow.

This poiicy of undiffermtiated indusion results diredy from an altempt to survive in a. The stories in Richard Ford's Rock Springs offer. Incoherence becomcs a way of operating in an atomised society. Ford's story "Great Fak," teils of Jackie, a young man who returns home with his father. Ford's depiction of "low We" remarks upon the complications of a life "misunderstood. As Folk t e k us: "At the heart of this fonn of social oppression is the control of consciousness through the processing of culturai images and hguistic authority" 2l3.

As J a d e realises, therefore, his own horrific image of life proceeds directly from the way he "processes" cultural. Sims immediately adjusts his philodophy or ethics to. He'd done it himseif plenty of times" These characters inhabit a territory of. To authorise "everything" or mject "nothing" ultimately ends in conaict. For iristance,. Allene simultaneously extends and. This suggests she knows Bobby's "being" weli enough to prescribe a.

She "can't say" what comtitutes Bobby's "being" at ail. The conversation's ending-"And then no one spoke" 53 -indicates the cumulative effect of many a dirty reaiist text: the contradiaions implode, leaving the static of. In an interview with Huey Guagiiardo. This relatimhip becornes implicit to Rock Springs. These acts of t e h g , then, admit the characters into a community, even if only in the negative.

Story-as-sound fonns a consolation for the people of Rock Springs. In the worlds of. Troy enthusiastically locates Nola not in absolute but in relational terms:. The act of t e h g leads not to an applicable, universal guideline for conduct -no rules whereby charaders can shape or understand lire-but rather to a position. Speaking itseif-sound-rather than what is.

Baxter, in "Communist," absolves himseif of wrongdoing by justifymg his. He justifies heJpcuJing on another man's property by leaning on a. Mankt ethic: "People shouldn't own land anyway. Anybody should be able to use it. Me that approadies social Daminism: "r2iis can happen. It doesn't matter. Folks's view he "can poach whiie claiming he is not poaching. Up a S t m : Voices of the New West -offer no "final explanations" for "human conduct" The storis of Rock Springs depict a provisional synthens of idea and act' as in Sims's.

Times': Historicity in the Short Fiction of Richard Ford and Raymond Carver" wescn'bes as the "dissonance, rather than cohesion among the varias siories" David Cropse. The stories therefore invite readeriy interpretation, refusing io supply definitive. In each case. The unreliability of a hypocritical. Charles Bukowski e x h i a sheer joy in renouncing aii accountabiiity. The titie itself of. His poem, "together,". The word "particulrr" denotes dirty realimi's approach ko '"huth.

However, a following sentence or utterance may. Bukowski's free verse poetic f o m endorses inconsistency. He breaks lines and. Bukowski attacks the notion of a regulated, "poetid' poetry in a letter to James Boyar May: "But 1 Say, why not? What the hell's wong with a 6 or 7 or 37 Une long prose statement that is.

The absolutism of "we are all. The poem erects a series of. The dosing statement expresses gratitude, not psimism. The h l image of woman and neighbour sleeping quietly. Whitman's Leaves ofGruss, written in , was a declaration of independence from conventions; it stood as a living example of what a man might m a t e on his own terms, listening to his own voice. Bukowski's protest had the feel of the outsider who lived beyond ail b i t s and ideologies.

Bukowski never. The excerpt's h l sentence elucidates the tenuous. Dirty realism's ideological overdetermination confuses investigation into its poiitical. The "mutilation" of the individual by soaal forces appears. On a deeper level, however, 1 will argue, following Horkheimer. Poshnodernisrn or the Culfrira1 Logic of hfe Capitafism, of Wtually every available d t u r a l effort. Bukowski's hypocrisy becornes valorised in relation to a status quo.

Encouniering institutionalised hypOCnSy, Bnkowski demands the institutional f i p h e a d s. According to the the-tested standard 1 have. Now can 1 take these 15 minutes and go down to the cafeteria,. Nahuaiiy, the supervisor. Bukowski demands an admission of inconsistency, which would in hun break. Bukowski's hypocrisy. The hypoaisy aesthetic of Bukowski's "realism" is therefore an attempt at verisimilitude, at textuaiiy reproducing the "reality" of his historical.

Cnva, Ford, Bukowski and Jannanhave al1 variously ated the Muence of perhaps the most important twentiethantary realist, Emest. A study of Hemingway's craft in dation to dirty reolist texts conveys, by. Sheldon Norman. Hemingway's style. He refers to Hemingway's deceptive clarity, which aliudes to emotional.

Henry d e d almast to pamdy: the surprise-molution neatly knotting up separate strands of plot by an ingenious twist of plot or rewlation of charader. Grebstein's point is not that the "zero ending" validates aii responses on the part of the reader,. Certainly, any ending, no matter how disparate its elements, can only caii to mind a. They subvert the promises and. While Hemingway's language. A cornparison of A. Faretiwll to Arms and Past Ofice, respctively. It seems she had one hemorrhage after another. They coddn't stop it. She was unconsdous al the time, and it did not take her very long to die.

The priet read his thing. There was the cofh. What had been Betty was in there. It was very hot. The s u came down in one y d o w sheet. A fiy circled around. The roses were dead, dead and dying in the heat, and bey leaned the thing up against a nearby hee. Near the end of the Senrice my wreath leaned forward and feu flat on its f'ace.

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  7. Nobody picked it up. Then it was over. Henry's powerlessness to perceive anything immaterial about Catherine's death. The vagueness. Conversely, BukowskTs imprecision in using the word "thing" in his fllst sentence. Jannan exhibit an awareness of reality as lexkon; that dirty realism jettisons depth for seif- conscious stylistio impiies their recognition of the detachment of words fkom the genuine.

    This fixation on language places these writers' realism in. Hemingwafs fiction, as Grebskin points out "Hemingway's craft. The reader apprehends. Henry's grief through Hemingway's careful modulation of prose rhythms and vccabulary choies; Bukowski's text, conversely, w a m the reader against the influence of words-in effect,. The stress on Linguistic indeterminacy marks one method. Bukowski's style draws attention. The superficiality of the. Bukowski continually highlights his position as an individual an artist with no.

    Hemingway's aesthetic. The parataxis appears for stylistic purposes, for its own sake. The tepetitions of the dog's name and the word "dive," as weii as the doubling back of "and I'rn not going to weep but do" effect a rhythm antithetid to. Oh, God, please don't let her die. I'U do anything for you if you won't let her die. Please, please, please, dear God, don't let her die" HemLigway's excessive reptition and this excerpt only samples what goes on for an e n t h paragraph conveys Henry's desperation at.

    Whereas Hemingway conveys desperation through a prose so hysterical that it replicates Henry's pain for the reader, Jarman's prose offers a grief so styiised that its reading brings.

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    Contradictions within the writing play out stylisticaliy to highlight a highly polished entertainment disguised as the writing of grief. Where Hemingway reaeates the keenness of Henry's desperation in an ugly. Jannan plays upon. To people? Perhaps because they're not dead yet. Who makes more demands? The elegiac effect, which d t s fiom the writing's expliat,. As usual, J m a n plays it both ways, rehising to endorse any particular reading in favour of an immediate. Jarman's witing abandons the devices of "plot8' and "charader," and the. But he had leamed something. He had commenceci a new era in his Me.

    There m e eras. That much was unquestionable. And yet, oddly, this would all be over by Christmas. He hadn't even written a letter to his parents. But in the time that remained here, he would. A long letter. And in his letter he would try as best he couid, and with the many complicatiom that w d d need detailing, to explain to them aii that had happned to him here and what new ideas he had for the future.

    Also, if a Me. The story plays out both ironically and straight, giving Charley's words the. The answer to the dilemma of the conflict between the h e a r and cimilas in Ford's text. Madame de Grenelle, who makes the following observations about his novel: "'Your book has. It is your story, 1 thinkr nie. Sornehes after someone translates it and t e k you"' Ford invites the reader to.

    The "ring of aciuality" ia. Ford deliberately relinquishes authority. Pointing to Ford's "contradictory epiphanies8' Ford's texts emerge with demoaatic. Dirty realism's dernomtic voice, 1 would argue, resuits from. As shown by the cornparison to Hemingway. American realism. Literature as "openly.. He isolates this "theory" as an amalgam. Danvinian biological theory, and. The fmous. M y realism's catharsis involves not summary insight but an entry into a seris of unanswerable questions Ford's. Plesmre in Carver. According to Seamon, traditional realism-and to. Not writing well was another way of denying the audience pleasure" By "marking" their "product," i.

    This leads to outrage against the author,. Naturalism tried to change. The problem is that the manner in which this "subjed" of culture is conceptualized is of a traiis-hstorical and "universai" diaracter: it addresses the subject-in-general, not historicaiiy- determinate social subjects, or sociaily determinate particular languages. Hall points to a weakness in Mandsm acknowledged by Marx himself in the "Preface" to.

    Capital: "But here individuals are dealt with only insofar as they are the personifications of. In other words, Marx never loses sight of the "particularity" of the "reiationsaa d "interests" his study envisions Marx recognises his own reiiance on the historical moment and highiights the necessary vigiknce of historicai context. Hall notes that any conceptuahation of.