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D'Abbadie, Arnauld

  1. Browse By Author: D - Project Gutenberg
  2. Online Library of Liberty
  3. [From the painting at Old Morrisania.]
  4. Bonjour Ca Va?

Adapted from Charles Dickens' Celebrated Work. Part 1 English as Author of introduction, etc. The Letters of Charles Dickens Vol. Lirriper's Legacy English as Author Mrs. Lirriper's Lodgings English as Author Mrs. English as Author Dickey, J. Bellerophon, with a detail of the principal events that occurred in that ship between the 24th of May and the 8th of August English as Editor Dickson, William P.

Letters on Logic. English as Author Dietzgen, Joseph, Jr. With The choice, or, the pleasures of a country-life. Dedicated to the beaus against the next vacation. William George See: Fletcher, W. See: Lamarca, Luis D. Nicholas Magazine for Boys and Girls, Vol. Nicholas v. Nicholas Vol. John, Vol. Charles Fletcher , Dole, Helen B.

English as Contributor Dongen, H. Van See: Van Dongen, H. English as Author "Their Majesties' Servants. Wieland's Biographie German as Author Friedrich v. Schiller's Biographie German as Author J. Mary C. English as Author of introduction, etc. Douchaussois, Pierre See: Duchaussois, R. Douwes Setiabuddhi, Danudirdja Setyabuddhi, D. At the Court of King's Bench, Nov. English as Author Dowling, Levi H. Edward C. Charles Finch , ? A journey across America. Stark Munro, M. See: Hayes, Clair W. See: Conklin, Nathaniel, Mrs. Occasional Papers No. Volume 1 of 2 The early history, manners, and customs of the ancestors of the English-speaking nations English as Author The Viking Age.

Volume 2 of 2 The early history, manners, and customs of the ancestors of the English-speaking nations English as Author Duchaussois, R. Ducray-Duminil, M. Charles the Second's reign to the Lord ; being an answer to Sir Wm. Meinhold ; translated from the German by Lady Duff Gordon. English as Translator Duffield, A.

G, Dr. George Sigerson, and Dr. Du fr. French as Author La dame de Monsoreau — Tome 2. French as Author La dame de Monsoreau — Tome 3. Grenfell, M. Ecrivez votre texte ici Commentaire Ok. Service client 01 85 09 79 58 lundi - vendredi : 8h30 - 22h samedi - dimanche : 9h - 17h prix d'un appel local Suivi de commande Comment faire un retour? Gagnez 10 euros Aide Premium day.

Browse By Author: D - Project Gutenberg

Mon compte. Mon panier Panier Include. Tendances du moment. Chaussures femmes. Toutes les chaussures femme. Chaussures hommes. Toutes les chaussures homme. Toutes les marques Enfant. Adidas By Stella.. Adidas Performan.. Adolie Aerobics Agatha Ruiz de l.. Agile By Ruco Li.. Allrounder by Me.. Boni Classic Sho.. Bunker Burton. What say you to that, Monsieur le Financier? But I will tell you in your ear that, in spite of that blustering, they will do much to avoid a war with Britain, if the people will let them.

But truth is, that the populace of Paris influence, in a great degree, the public counsels. I think they will have quite as many men as they can maintain; but what that may amount to is hard to determine. The ministers here are a most extraordinary people; they make nothing of difficulties, as you shall judge by a simple trait of M. Now this way lies through a very difficult, mountainous country, in which the snow is already very deep; therefore Beuernonville, having got a little neck of land between the Saar and the Moselle, puts his troops into winter-quarters, pleading their nakedness as an excuse.

The minister has sent him a brace of commissioners, who have power to impress in Edition: current; Page: [ 14 ] the neighborhood whatever may be needful for the troops and then their wants supplied summon him to obey his orders. If I may venture to judge from appearances, there is now in the wind a storm not unlike that of September. It has occurred to me that I never yet assigned a reason why the completion of the payment of 6,,f.

In effect, I left this, as I do many other things, to the sense of the gentle reader; but as readers are sometimes ungentle , it is not amiss to communicate that reason to a friend.

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I saw that the new government would be hungry, and would urge us for money, in the double view of obtaining an acknowledgment of them as well as of supplying their wants. It was therefore, I thought, right to take a position where we might say there is nothing due. This would leave open a question which it would be very delicate to answer either way as things appeared then, and as they are , now that appearances have changed. But I concluded that supplies of money to support the Colony of Santo Domingo would, in all events , have been considered as a good and effectual payment on our part , and, had my offer of recommending such supplies been accepted, I could, on that ground , have proposed the measure which, anticipating the next instalment, would have still kept open the main point as long as you should think proper.

And thus my apparent retreat was, in effect, a mode of more permanent defence; and this is more, I believe, than poor Lee could say for himself. Writing to Robert Morris, on December 24th, Morris Edition: current; Page: [ 15 ] spoke more fully than usual of the horrors he had seen enacted about him. They were more so than you can imagine. Some days ago a man applied to the Convention for damages done to his quarry. The quarries are deep pits, dug through several feet of earth into the bed of stone, and then extended along the bed of stone under the surface.

The damage done to him was by the number of dead bodies thrown into his pit, and which choked it up so that he could not get men to work at it. Think of the destruction of hundreds who had long been the best people of a country, without form of trial, and their bodies thrown like dead dogs into the first hole that offered. At least two hundred of these unhappy victims had committed no other crime than that of being ecclesiastics of irreproachable lives, who were conscientiously scrupulous of taking an oath prescribed to them.

I am much mistaken if we do not experience similar scenes before the present Revolution is finished. Adieu, my dear friend. I heartily present to you and yours the compliments of this, which is with you a very festive season. I write from a place deserted by its former inhabitants, where in almost every countenance you can mark the traces of present woe and of dismal forebodings. My letter of the 21st inst. Jefferson will communicate my view of things, to which I could add but little at this day.

I have not mentioned to him the appointment of M. Genet as Minister to the United States; in fact, this appointment has never been announced to Edition: current; Page: [ 16 ] me. Perhaps the ministry think it is a trait of republicanism to omit those forms which were anciently used to express good-will. In the letter which is addressed to you is a strain of adulation which your good sense will easily expound. The fact is, that they begin to open their eyes to their true situation, and, besides, they wish to bring forward into act our guarantee of their islands, if the war with Britain should actually take place.

In this event Britain will send hither a minister and acknowledge the Republic, and mediate a peace with the Emperor and King of Prussia. I have several reasons to believe that this information is not far from the truth, and that if the ministers felt themselves at liberty to act they would agree to the terms. These terms are, it is said, consequential to the sentiments delivered by the Opposition in the British Parliament, which is, as you will see, become quite insignificant; but it was thought best to place them in a necessity of supporting the measures of administration.

I consider these terms or something very like them in a different point of view. If the French retire and consequently eat up again their high-toned declarations in favor of the people and denunciations against kings , they will at the next attempt find as many enemies as there are men in the neighboring countries, and, of course, the mediator will prescribe such terms as she may think proper.

Secondly, as it is almost evident that the Republic must be torn to pieces by contending factions, even without any foreign interference, her population, wealth, and resources, above all, her marine , must dwindle away. And, as much of her intelligence and industry, with the greater part of her Edition: current; Page: [ 17 ] money capital, must in this hypothesis seek the protection of law and government on the other side of the channel, her rival will increase both in positive and relative power.

Thirdly, an exiled monarch on the other side of the Pyrenees for it is at Madrid that he would probably take refuge would enable Britain at any moment to distract the French affairs and involve the Republic in a war with Spain. Lastly, it seems an almost necessary conclusion that if France in some years of convulsive misery should escape dismemberment, she would sink under severe and single despotism, and when relieved therefrom by the King and his descendants or relatives , she would live in a state of wretchedness for at least one generation.

I understand that the French, in the consciousness that their principles have ruined their colonies, are willing to pay them as the price of peace, but, on the other hand, Mr. Pitt has, I am told, refused the offers which the colonists have made to him; partly because he does not wish to excite alarm, and partly because the only useful part of the colonies—their commerce—will, he conceives, naturally fall to Britain, in proportion to their interior ruin, which has already made great ravages in this country. If the terms offered by Britain, whatever they may be, are not accepted, I think a declaration will not suddenly follow, but only an increase of preparations, because time must be given for the cooperators Spain and Holland , who are both of them slow.

Besides, it will be necessary that a body of Prussian troops should be collected through Westphalia, in the neighborhood of Flanders, to be joined by Dutch, Hanoverian, and, perhaps, British troops. The more the French advance the more they expose themselves to this danger, and you may rely that if a large body of troops be thrown into Flanders, that country will join them eagerly to expel or destroy the French.

I think it possible that in case war Edition: current; Page: [ 18 ] should break out there may be a treaty of partition, in which the Elector Palatine may have Alsace and Lorraine in lieu of Bavaria, and that the Low Countries may be given by the Emperor, in exchange for Bavaria, to the Duke and Duchess of York. This would suit everybody but France, and she will not, in such case, be consulted. I have not yet seen M.

Genet, but Mr. Paine is to introduce him to me. It was not convenient either to approve or disapprove of his conduct under the then circumstances, and his despatches lay unnoticed. This, to a young man of ardent temper, and who, feeling genius and talents, may perhaps have rated himself a little too high, was mortifying in the extreme. He felt himself insulted, and wrote in a style of petulance to his chief, believing always that if the royal party prevailed his sister would easily make fair weather for him at court, which I doubt not.

At the overturn of the monarchy these letters were so many credentials in his favor to the new government, and the dearth of men has opened his way to whatever he might wish. He chose America, as being the best harbor during the storm, and, if my informant be right, he will not put to sea again until it is fair weather, let what will happen. In addition to what I have said respecting the King to Mr. Jefferson, it is well to mention to you that the majority have it in contemplation not only to refer the Edition: current; Page: [ 19 ] judgment to the electors of France, that is, to her people, but also to send him and his family to America, which Paine is to move for.

He mentioned this to me in confidence, but I have since heard it from another quarter. Adieu, my dear sir; I wish you many and happy years. I doubt this. Pitt the French West Indies to keep him quiet. He also spoke to me on a subject which Paine had communicated confidentially. Vous aurez vu par les gazettes, si en effet les gazettes peuvent vous parvenir, que les chefs des constituents sont tous en fort mauvaise odeur ici. Short calls in the evening, and I give him his passport.

The weather is soft. Grefeuille, and the Chevalier de Tremblai dine with me [January 4th]. The weather grows colder. The streets are a glare of ice, horses tumbling down, and some killed; mine come off tolerably. The situation of things is such that to continue this journal would compromise many people, unless I go on in the way I have done since the end of August, in which case it must be insipid and useless.

I prefer, therefore, the more simple measure of putting an end to it. Letter to Washington concerning M. Morris questions his ability.

Clew to some mysteries of the Revolution. Morris urged to leave Paris. Paris a dangerous residence.

[From the painting at Old Morrisania.]

He determines to stay. Letter in verse to Lady Sutherland. Trial of Louis Sixteenth. His dignified manner. War with England inevitable. French prospects dreadful. Parties pass away like shadows. Morris reported a victim of the guillotine. Scarcity of men in France. The Revolutionary Tribunal organized. Morris arrested in the street. Growing treachery to the government. A majority in the Convention in favor of royalty. Morris buys a country place. Leaves Paris.

Spends the summer at Sainport. On the 6th of January, , Morris wrote to Washington concerning M. Genet, the new Minister from France to the United States. Morris says:. Genet, and he has dined with me since I had the pleasure of writing to you on the 28th of last month. He has, I think, more of genius than ability, and you will see in him at first blush the manner and look of an upstart. Genet told me that he knew him very well, having been in the ministry with him. After dinner he entered into dispute with a merchant who came in, and, as the question turned chiefly on facts, the merchant was rather an overmatch for the minister.

I think that in the business he is charged with he will talk Edition: current; Page: [ 26 ] so much as to furnish sufficient matter for putting him on one side of his object, should that be convenient. If he delays, there is some room to suppose that events may happen to prevent the mission; perhaps a British ship may intercept that which takes him out, and I incline to think that until matters are more steady here you would be as well content with some delay as with remarkable despatch.

As I have good reason to believe that this letter will go safely, I shall mention some things which may serve as a clew to lead through mysteries. Those who planned the revolution which took place on the 10th of August sought a person to head the attack, and found a M. He has no pretensions to science or to depth of thought, but he is fertile in resources and imbued with the most daring intrepidity. When the business drew towards a point the conspirators trembled, but Westermann declared they should go on.

They obeyed, because they had trusted him too far. On that important day his personal conduct decided, in a great measure, his success. Rewards were due, and military rank, with opportunities to enrich himself, granted. You know something of Dumouriez. The Council distrusted him.

Westermann was commissioned to destroy him should he falter. This commission was shown to the general. It became the bond of union between him and Westermann. Dumouriez opened treaty with the King of Prussia. The principal emigrants, confident of Edition: current; Page: [ 27 ] force and breathing vengeance, shut the royal ear.

Metz was not delivered up, because nobody asked for the keys, and because the same apprehensions were felt which influenced in Thionville. The King of Prussia waited for these evidences of loyalty until his provisions were consumed. He then found it necessary to bargain for a retreat.

It was worth to Westermann about ten thousand pounds. The Council, being convinced that he had betrayed their bloody secret, have excited a bloody prosecution against him for old affairs of no higher rank than petit larceny. He has desired a trial by court-martial. You will judge whether cordial union can subsist between the Council and their generals. This affair needs explanation, but it can be of no present use. That unhappy man, conversing with one of his council on his own fate, calmly summed up the motives of every kind, and concluded that a majority of the Council would vote for referring his case to the people, and that in consequence he should be massacred.

I think he must die or reign. In reply to this wish he wrote, January 14th, to his brother, General Morris, then at London, as follows:. It is true that continuing here was, on many accounts, unpleasant, but we must take the world as it goes. You are right in the idea that Paris is a dangerous residence. But it is better that my friends should wonder why I stay than my enemies inquire why I went away.

I will do what is right, to the best of my judgment. I perfectly agree with you that a small sum on my farm, with contentment, is better than anything in a situation like that in which I am now placed; but the first of all enjoyments is that which results from doing our duty. An opportunity presents itself which enables me to give you the desired certificate that as yet I exist.

Such an existence, however, is very far from pleasant, so I should be very glad to pass the coming summer at Morrisania, for, if it be possible to judge of the future by the past, it will exhibit new scenes of horror. The French, therefore, discuss it with the ladies; and, indeed, the presence of a fine woman is so pleasant that it diffuses general gladness. In this view of the subject, I am now about to converse with one of the loveliest I know, and thus begins our conversation:.

So pray ask your lord to give the gentleman who bears this letter an interview, and sometimes, when you have nothing else to do, think of a lone man who thinks very often of you, and never without wishing you were again established in Paris. Adieu, yours. From the 14th till the 20th of January Louis Sixteenth stood his trial, and awaited calmly, it would seem, the sentence, not doubting what it would be.

He died in a manner becoming his dignity. Mounting the scaffold, he expressed anew his forgiveness of those who persecuted him, and a prayer that his deluded people might be benefited by his death. On the scaffold he attempted to speak, but the commanding officer, Santerre, ordered the drums to beat. The King made two unavailing efforts, but with the same bad success.

The executioners threw him down, and were in such haste as to let fall the axe before his neck was properly placed, so that he was mangled. It would be needless to give you an affecting narrative of particulars. I proceed to what is more important, having but a few minutes to write in by the present good opportunity. The greatest care was taken to prevent a concourse of people. This proves Edition: current; Page: [ 32 ] a conviction that the majority was not favorable to that severe measure. In fact, the great mass of the people mourned the fate of their unhappy prince.

I have seen grief, such as for the untimely death of a beloved parent. Everything wears an appearance of solemnity which is awfully distressing. I have been told by a gentleman from the spot that putting the King to death would be a signal for disbanding the army in Flanders. I do not believe this, but incline to think it will have some effect on that army, already perishing by want and mouldering fast away. The people of that country, if the French army retreats, will, I am persuaded, take a severe vengeance for the injuries they have felt and the insults they have been exposed to.

Both are great. The war against France is become popular in Austria, and is becoming so in Germany.

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If my judgment be good, the testament of Louis the Sixteenth will be more powerful against the present rulers of this country than an army of an hundred thousand men. You will learn the effect it has in England. I believe that the English will be wound up to a pitch of enthusiastic horror against France, which their cool and steady temper seems to be scarcely susceptible of.

I enclose you a translation of a letter from Sweden, which I have received from Denmark. You will see thereby that the Jacobin principles are propagated with zeal in every quarter. Whether the Regent of Sweden, intends to make himself king is a moot point.

All the world knows that the young prince is not legitimate, although born under circumstances which render it, legally speaking , impossible to question his legitimacy. I consider a war between Britain and France as inevitable. I have not proof, but some very leading circumstances. Britain will, I think, suspend her blow until she can strike very hard, unless, indeed, they should think it advisable to seize the Edition: current; Page: [ 33 ] moment of indignation against late events for a declaration of war.

This is not improbable, because it may be coupled with those general declarations against all kings, under the name of tyrants, which contain a determination to destroy them, and the threat that if the ministers of England presume to declare war, an appeal shall be made to the people at the head of an invading army. Of course, a design may be exhibited of entering into the heart of Great Britain, to overturn the Constitution, destroy the rights of property, and finally to dethrone and murder the King—all which are things the English will neither approve of nor submit to.

Again, in a letter to Mr. The war with England exists, and it is now proper, perhaps, to consider its consequences; to which effect we must examine the objects likely to be pursued by England, for in this country, notwithstanding the gasconades, a defensive war is prescribed by necessity. Many suppose that the French colonies will be attacked, but this I do not believe. There are higher considerations to be attended to. In one shape or another this nation will make a bankruptcy. Strange as it may seem, the present war is, on the part of France, a war of empire, and if she defends herself she commands the world.

I am persuaded that her enemies consider this as the real state of things, and will therefore bend their efforts towards a reduction of her power: and this may be compassed in two ways—either by obliging her to assume a new burden of debt to defray the expense they are at on her account, or else a dismemberment. The latter appears the more certain mode. As to the conduct of the war, I believe it to be on Edition: current; Page: [ 34 ] the part of the enemy as follows: First, the maritime powers will try to cut off all supplies of provisions and take France by famine; that is to say, excite revolt among the people by that strong lever.

I think I can perceive some seeds already sown to produce that fruit.

Bonjour Ca Va?

As to the colonies, I believe that France will not attempt to defend them, and their whole commerce falls naturally into the lap of America, unless the British prevent it, and I think they will find it more convenient to neglect that small object to pursue the great ones which open themselves to view in this quarter. A change of circumstances rendered it necessary to change entirely my conduct, so as to produce in one way what was impracticable in another. As I saw clearly, or at least I thought I saw, that France and England would at length get by the ears, it seemed best to let them alone until they should be nearly pitted.

When I found this to be the case, I asked an interview with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and mentioned to him my wish that an exception should be made in the decree against emigrants in favor of those who were in the United States. I told him, truly, that I wished the alliance between the two nations to be strictly preserved; I told him with great frankness that, notwithstanding appearances and the flattering accounts transmitted by some of his agents, Britain was, in my opinion, hostile, and an attempt at an alliance with her idle.

He assured me he was of the same opinion. I then observed to him that, in such case, there would be no Edition: current; Page: [ 35 ] doubt but Mr. Hammond would exert himself to inculcate the opinion that our treaty, having been made with the King, was void by the Revolution. He said that such an opinion was absurd. I told him that my private sentiments were similar to his, but I thought it would be well to evince a degree of good-will to America, and had therefore taken the liberty to suggest the exception in favor of emigrants to America.

Now I know well that some of the leaders here who are in the Diplomatic Committee hate me cordially, though it would puzzle them to say why; and I was determined rather to turn that disposition to account than to change it, because I see some advantages to result from it. Thus I contributed indirectly to the slight put on me by sending M. Genet without mentioning to me a syllable either of his mission or his errand, both of which, nevertheless, I was early and sufficiently informed of.

The pompousness of this embassy could not but excite the attention of England, and my continuance at Paris, notwithstanding the many reasons which might have induced me to leave it, would also, I thought, excite in some degree their jealousy; and I have good reason to believe that this effect was produced. At any rate, the thing you wished for is done and you can treat in America if you please.

Perhaps you will see that all the advantages desired do already exist, that the acts of the Constitutional Assembly have in some measure set us free from our engagements, and that, increasing daily in power, we may make quite as good a bargain some time hence as now. I am very happy indeed to find that my conduct, as far as it was known, is approved of. This is the summit of my wish, for I candidly acknowledge that the good opinion of the wise and Edition: current; Page: [ 36 ] virtuous is what I prize beyond all earthly possessions. I have lately debated much within myself what to do.

The path of life in Paris is no longer strewed with roses, as you may well imagine; indeed, it is extremely painful. I have already given my reasons for staying here, but now the scene is changed, and I had thoughts of making a tour to the different consulates. There are, however, some pretty solid objections to that plan for the present. The next thing which suggested itself was to hire a country-house for the summer season in the neighborhood. At length, that my leaving the city might give no offence to anybody, I have bought a country-house in an out of the way place where it is not likely that any armies will pass or repass, even should the enemy penetrate.

If I lose the money paid for it I will put up with the loss. The act in itself shows a disposition friendly to France, and as it is between twenty and thirty miles from Paris, I shall be at hand should business require my presence. Livingston, my secretary, will continue in town unless driven out by war or famine. In this way I hope to avoid those accidents which are almost inseparable from the present state of society and government, and which, should they light on the head of a public Minister, might involve consequences of a disagreeable nature.

It is more proper also, I conceive, to make arrangements of this kind in a moment of tranquillity than when confusion is awakened into mischief. In all this my judgment may err, but I can truly say that the interest of the United States is my sole object. Time alone can tell whether the conduct was right, as I know the intention to be. You will find that events have Edition: current; Page: [ 37 ] blackened more and more in this country. Her present prospects are dreadful. It is not so much, perhaps, the external force, great as that may be, for there are always means of defence in so vast a nation.

The exhausted state of resources might also be borne with, if not remedied; but the disorganized state of the government seems irremediable. The venality is such that if there be no traitor, it is because the enemy has not common-sense. Without the aid of venality there are not a few who, from mistaken zeal and from ignorance, contribute to the success of those powers who are leagued against France. Many also, under the garb of patriotism, conceal their attachment to the former government. In short, the fragment of the present system is erected in a quagmire.

The new constitution has not yet made its appearance, but it is easy to conjecture what it will not be. In the mean time I learn that the Ministers of War and Marine declare it impossible for them to go on. I will not speak of my own situation. You will judge that it is far from pleasant. I could be popular, but that would be wrong. The different parties pass away like the shadows of a magic lantern, and to be well with any one of them would, in a short period, become cause of unquenchable hatred with the others.

Happy America, governed by reason, by law, by the man she loves, whom she almost adores. It is the pride of my life to consider that man as my friend, and I hope long to be honored with that title. God bless you, my dear sir, and keep and preserve you. Your cool and steady temper is now of infinite consequence to our country.

As soon as I can see the way open to anything decisive I shall inform you of it. At present I weary myself with unavailing reflection, meditation, and conjecture. A Edition: current; Page: [ 38 ] partition seems the most probable event at present. A month later, rumor and the gazettes having numbered Morris among the victims of the guillotine, he hastened to inform Robert Morris, and through him his other friends, of his well-being.

Now, as these accounts may be republished, I apprise you thereof and pray you to vouch that they were not true at the time of publication. You tell me that in my place you would resign and come home, but this is not quite so easily done as said. I must have leave to resign from the President.

The very circumstances which you mention are strong reasons for abiding, because it is not permitted to abandon a post in the hour of difficulty. I think the late decrees respecting our commerce will show you that my continuance here has not been without some use to the United States, and as to the rest, we must console ourselves with the reflection that whatever is is.

Genet blank commissions for privateers. On the 20th he communicated his knowledge to Mr. The commissions are to be given clandestinely to such persons as he might find in America inclined to take them, to prey on the British commerce. This appears to me, waiving all question of honesty, no very sound measure politically speaking, since they may, as a nation, derive greater advantage from our neutrality than from our alliance.

I learn that some seamen have lately been taken by British Edition: current; Page: [ 39 ] cruisers who claim to be Americans. I presume that the claim will not be admitted, but if the government should cause them to be executed as pirates, a knowledge thereof would go a great way to prevent our citizens from engaging in a war contrary to the wishes of our Government.

I am the more solicitous on this subject in that we may well expect a back game of the same kind by Britain, and in such case it would be impossible for the French to distinguish, among their prisoners, between those who were and those who were not English. France began now to feel the effects of war and emigration, not to mention the devastation caused by the work of the guillotine, and in a letter to Mr. Jefferson on March 7th, Morris refers to this state of things as follows:. The losses of the last campaign are sensible in the mass of population, so that, notwithstanding the numbers thrown out of employ by the stagnation of some manufactures and the reduction of private fortunes, the want of common laborers is felt throughout the whole country.

Already they talk of drafting for the service, but if delayed it would not, I believe, go down, and at any rate would not produce in season the required force, especially if the enemy should have any considerable force; for you must not imagine that the appearances in this country are all real, and you must take into your estimation that the Convention is falling into contempt because the tribunes govern it imperiously.

They try to save appearances, but the people cannot long be dupes. It is the old story of King Log, and how long it may be before Jupiter sends them a crane to destroy the frogs and froglings is a Edition: current; Page: [ 40 ] matter of uncertainty. Already they begin to cry for a dictator. An insurrection also is brewing whose object, I am told, is to destroy the faction of the Gironde. I think I mentioned to you that the death of the King would be the forerunner of their destruction. The majority of the Convention is clearly at the disposition of their enemies.

You will be so kind as to observe that this was done on a report of the Committee of Safety. Now you must know that the members of this committee, or at least a majority of them, are sworn foes to the members of the Diplomatic Committee. I have received indirectly a kind of assurance from the former which disposes entirely of the Convention that they will do anything for the United States which I will point out; but, in fact, I know not anything which we ought to ask. Great exertions are making here to re-enforce Dumouriez, and still greater to bring about a new revolution, whose effect, if successful, would be, I think, the destruction of what is called here the faction of the Gironde, and which calls itself the republican party, qualifying its enemies by the term anarchists.

To avoid, if possible, the carnage of the 2d to the 8th of last September, a tribunal called the Revolutionary Tribunal is organized, with very large and wide powers. It is one of those instruments whose operations are incalculable, and on whose direction depends the fate of the country. Opinion seems to set very strongly against the Convention. They are supposed to be incapable of steering the state ship in the present rough weather; but it must blow yet a little harder before they are thrown overboard. I believe I never mentioned that a constitution was reported, but the truth is that it totally escaped me.

A paper of Edition: current; Page: [ 41 ] that sort was read at the Convention, but I learnt the next morning that a council had been held on it overnight, by which it was condemned; so I thought no more of it. Lebrun was speedily informed that that sort of thing was not to be quietly borne. Fortunately a person who knew me, having heard what had passed, came to my rescue, and brought me out of the affair on his own responsibility. I have the honor to send you herewith the copy of the pass given me by the Section.

I beg, sir, that you will have the goodness to secure me against similar accidents, troublesome in themselves and scandalous from the publicity. I pray you, also, to grant me protection from domiciliary visits. Armed men came into my house yesterday, and although I have every reason to be satisfied with their conduct for they went away as soon as I convinced them of the impropriety of their proceedings , yet I think that when general orders are given for these visits such houses ought to be excepted as are under the protection of the law of nations.